Dostoevsky: Crime and Punishment (Analysis)

April 25, 2012
Crime and Punishment is a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, one of the founders of the modern novel. Crime and Punishment tells the story of redemption. This novel deals with the question of responsibility for the actions of each individual, background of struggle between God, morality and the theory of the Superman.

Summary of Crime and Punishment:

Raskolnikov, the main character, is a former student who had to interrupt his studies for lack of money. Solitary dreamer, Raskolnikov rejects collective morality. He considers himself an extraordinary man and wants to test the limits of his freedom by doing evil and transgression of the moral order. He even consider themselves entitled to commit a crime, and even kill for the good of humanity in the name of a higher purpose. But the act does not go as planned: it kills the old woman, but he also murdered his sister. Raskolnikov resembles more and more to others, to those who obey common morality, the morality of obedience, and for this reason he despises. Meanwhile, he meets Sonia, a young prostitute, who is committed: Sonia sells her body to cope with their misery. Raskolnikov confesses his crime to Sonia, who pushes him to engage in the policy. He was sentenced to deportation to Siberia.

Analysis of Crime and Punishment:

This novel deals with the moral conscience, the weight of the acts: Raskolnikov, who thinks he is an exceptional, finally accepts the sentencing of men and ran away and morally. Raskolnikov is a rebel, against society, against God and against himself, but he managed to come to terms with these three entities with the abdication.

It is an eschatological novel, concerning the salvation of men. Dostoevsky reveals a humanity that can be saved only by the submission by the acceptance of a common morality, a kind of universal rules. This novel is therefore wrong in ruling against nihilism in Russia in the nineteenth century.

But Dostoevsky has also staged his conception of subjectivity between the evil he commits, and though he finally agreed to do, Raskolnikov is a man, this being subject to the duality of heavy good and evil . The man is also the moral battlefield, he chose good or evil he does, a free and accepting the consequences.