Emile Durkheim’s Theory on Anomie and Religion

Emile Durkheim

Durkheim‘s sociology marked the French sociology school. Mauss recognized the influence of the most major French sociologists.

Emile Dukheim is the inventor, the main sociological thinker of social ties, he greatly help in establishing the French sociology, of the holistic obedience. Holism starts from the social whole to explain the logical individual to consider that behaviors are socially determined.

Durkheim’s descriptive approach takes advantage of considering social facts as things. He also introduced empiricism in sociology (see his study of suicide)

His main works are:

– The Division of Labor in Society

– The Rules of Sociological Method

– Suicide

– The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

Durkheim and sociology:

– “The first and most basic rule is to consider social facts as things”

– “Is that any way to make social, fixed or not, may exert on the individual an external constraint, or alternatively, which is generally in the range of a given society whilst having an existence of its own, independent of its individual manifestations ”

– “The comparative method is the only appropriate to sociology”

Durkheim’s views on Religion:

– “Between God and the Company, he must choose. This choice leaves me indifferent because I do not see the divinity in that society transfigured and symbolically thought”

Durkheim and society:

– “Do not say that an act offends the common conscience because it is criminal, but it is criminal because it offends the common conscience”

– “Education is to superimpose the individual and asocial that we are born, a new man. It must inspire us to exceed our original nature: it is this condition that the child will become a man ”

– “It is the action of the company that has aroused in us feelings of sympathy and solidarity which we incline towards others, it is she who shapes us in his image, we were imbued with these religious beliefs, political , which govern our moral conduct, is to play our role in society that we have worked to expand our intelligence ”

– “The collective consciousness is the set of beliefs and sentiments common to the average member of society”

– “A social fact is recognized the power of external coercion which it exercises or is likely to exert on individuals’

Durkheim and suicide:

– “The domestic society, like the religious society is a powerful preservative against suicide. This preservation is even more complete than the family is more dense, that is to say, includes a greater number of elements ”

“The cause of the phenomenon necessarily falls outside producer who observed that individuals, because it is outside of individuals. To find out, we must rise above the individual suicides and see what makes their unity”

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