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Find out papers and researches on British philosophers and their philosophical ideas (Hobbes, Locke, Smith, …). Main topics of their thoughts are covered : ethics, metaphysics, politics, empiricism, pragmatism, …

Adam Smith As a moral philosopher

Adam Smith As a moral philosopher

“Vice is always capricious, virtue only is regular and orderly” Adam Smith, well-known as a scottish economist, is also a philosopher through his essay : Theory of Moral Sentiments. An interesting essay in many ways, and whose intellectual level exceeds – by far – that of our postmodern liberals. But in 1759, this thought, because it was not hegemonic, had yet to be rigorous to be intellectually legitimate. And Adam Smith, therefore, was never a counterfeiter intellectual, unlike his contemporary heirs. Summary of the theory of moral sentiments In addition to his nature as God made him (Smith is a believer), the man is a moral being. At least, he must be, by regulating his passions. By a process that is both emotional and intellectual, he has to learn to rationalize his behavior, thinking his moral assessments. Which, for Smith, are therefore within the simple reason, and not in...

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Edmund Burke Philosophy Summary

Edmund Burke Philosophy Summary

Edmund Burke (1729-1797) is a statesman, british philosopher. Synthesis of Burke Philosophy Burke’s major contribution to philosophy was on aesthetics philosophy : “Philosophical Inquiry into the origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful” in which his central argument is that our enjoyment of

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Francis Bacon Philosophy Summary

Francis Bacon Philosophy Summary

Life and Works Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is a london-born philosopher who was the the forerunner of the british empiricism tradition, streching through Locke, Hume, JS Mill and Bertrand Russell, who found time to produce a wide range of theoretical and literary works. In Bacon’s case these include, most notably, his Essays, The Advancement of Learning, a systematic survey of the various branches of existing knowledge leading to a new classification of the sciences, both present and future; the Novum Organum, the title of which recalls the aristotelian Organon; and the New Atlantis. Bacon also produced numerous legal, historical, scientific and aphoristic works. In general Bacon’s outlook was concrete, practical and utilitarian. His thinging was, moreover, markedly forward-looking, sometimes even apocalyptic in its view of the possibilities form human progress once the allegedly cramping illusions of traditional theories and methods where shaken off. Hence the regular occurence of the word...

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John Locke Works

John Locke Works

John Locke (1632-1704) is probably the greatest and certainly the most influential, english philosopher, whose became the foundation both for classical british empiricism and for liberal democracy. His two most important philosophical works were the Essay concerning human understanding and the Two treatise of Government. His other main philosophical works are A letter concerning Toleration, Some Thoughts concerning education and The Reasonableness of Christianity, as delivered in the Scriptures.

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Godwin and Anarchism

Godwin and Anarchism

William Godwin, a political thinker of Anarchism William Godwin ia a political theorist, essayist and novelist. In both early and late lige, Godwin was regarded as a hack of no great distinction, but in the 1790s he achived wide proeminence, even notoriety, with his major work : Enquiry concerning political Justice (1793), in which he expressed the view that all types of government and society are neccesarily corrupt on amount of vested intesrests in prejudices of nationality and class. His Anarhism, which was founded on strict determinist and utilitarian principles, exercised considerable influenced over the radical intellectuals of his time, and particularly attracted the romantic poets. Even on Malthus.

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