Enlightenment Philosophers List

May 6, 2012

démocratie lumières

The Philosophy of the Enlightenment

The 18th century is the main philosophical century, the philosophy of the Enlightenment.

Indeed, all over Europe, philosophers have laid down old principles and reinventing a new paradigm of philosophy and political philosophy.

Of course, these philosophers have irreconcilable differences, but they share one common goal: they all fight against arbitrary power, through a complete overhaul of the political rationality, the advent of a rational subject, free and independant. As Kant taught us, man has to be think by himself.

The Enlightenment can be defined as a new philosophical paradigm.

Here is a list of major philosophers of the Enlightenment:

French enlightenment Philosophers:

  • Voltaire
  • Montesquieu
  • Rousseau
  • Diderot

 

British Enlightenment Philosophers:

  • Stuart Mill
  • Bentham
  • Locke
  • Smith

 

German Enlightenment Philosophers:

  • Kant
  • Fichte

 

American Enligtenment Philosophers:

  • Benjamin Franklin

  • Thomas Jefferson

  • Thomas Paine