The Existence of God and Philosophy

existence of god

The problem of the existence of God:

Many people in our society, perphaps even the majority of people, would say they believe in the existence of  God. Most belivers would also agree that God is a Supreme Being who created the Universe and who is omnipotent (all-powerful), God(all-wise) and omnibenevolent (all-good). There are disagreements about the other attributes of God. For instance, God is traditionally thought of as a male, but some feminist insist that God is a female. Perhaps it is better to think of God as being neither male nor female, but as a spirit that does not have any body or sex. Maybe God is not a person at all, as pantheists believe. Pantheism is the view that God is identical with Nature or with the whole Universe. Another alternative to the traditional conception of God is Deism. According to this view, God created the universe and that is all; God does nothing further in the universes, such as working miracles or answering prayers.

Views of God’s existence:

It is classic to distinguish between five responses to the the problem about God’s existence: theism, fideism, atheism, agnoticism and noncognitivism.

Theism: it is the view that God can be known to exist. St Anselm, St Thomas Aquinas, or Taylor are theists for example.

Fideism: they believe that God exists on the basis of faith rather than reason

Atheism: according to atheists, God does not exist. Sartre, Marx, Heidegger are famous atheists.

Agnosticism: neither God’s existence nor God’s nonexistence can be proved. We do not know if God exists. Bertrand Russell is a agnostistic philosopher.

Noncognitivism: the view advocated by Flew, contends that is not meaningful to talk about God. Thus, all previous positions are absurd.

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