Definition and Meaning of Existentialism:
Existentialism was born at the Twentieth-century and is a philosophy school which claims that man is free, he is not determined. Man does what he chooses, which makes him become what he is. Man must find his own values and must decide for himself that he will commit the acts. This means that this design is the realization that man must take upon itself its values and existence.
Famous existentialist philosophers:
- Pascal: Pascal focuses on human weakness. He shows how human being are miserable compare to the Universe.
- Kierkegaard: the reality of man can’t be understood through a philosophical system, which is a convenient way to get by. Indeed, a system contains all the answers in advance as possible to all possible questions. Systemising existence, as did Hegel, for example, means that there is some. However, the existence is uncertain. We must therefore use category, and not system to understand the human condition.
- Heidegger : Heidegger considers that only the man as being, can have a intellience of Being. The peculiarity of man is to think that Being. Therefore man is a Dasein, a being-there, Being close to his listener. The exsitence, Heidegger is simply the man himself emerges as the night with him something like a state of mind towards being in general.
- Sartre: In Sartre, Existentialism is a philosophical movement that brings out the subjectivity. The consequence of this principle is that man is totally responsible for his choices and his entire existence. Beyond that, the man is responsible for all men. Because by choosing a man chooses a model of humanity, he poses as an example for all humanity: to choose, engage humanity (“in choosing me, I choose the man”)
- Camus: Camus called absurd the ontologic feeling that man’s answers to universe stay without any response
Related articles on existentialist philosophers:
- Existentialism – Definition (the-philosophy.com)
- The first existentialist (sldsjd.wordpress.com)
- Jean-Paul Sartre (theeldergrove.wordpress.com)
- Camus : The Stranger (the-philosophy.com)