Hegel

Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel (Summary)

Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel (Summary)

The Phenomenology of Spirit, or the adventure of consciousness The Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel, published in 1807, is based on a precious philosophical intuition: consciousness is not an completed institution, it is constructed, transformed to become other than itself. From this intuition, Hegel traces the epic adventure of the consciousness through its various stages, the evolution of consciousness, from sensitive consciousness to the absolute spirit. The Phenomenology of Spirit is thus the history of consciousness in the lived world. Hegel’s philosophy is a phenomenology insofar as he looks at the world as it appears to consciousness. This science of phenomena aims to capture the essence of things in the world. Hegel, who began to write this essay to twenty-seven years, attempts to describe and define all the dimensions of human experience: knowledge, perception, consciousness and subjectivity, social interactions, culture, history, morality and religion. Through Phenomenology, he will form a closed philosophical system,...

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Hegel Philosophy Summary

Hegel Philosophy Summary

Hegel, the philosopher of the System Hegel is a German philosopher who built a vast system ordering all knowledge of his time, after Kant‘s attempt to do it. Among his main works: The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) Philosophical Propaedeutics (1809-1816) Science of Logic (1812-1816) Handbook of the Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences (1817) Principles of the Philosophy of Law (1821) Lectures on the Philosophy of History Lectures on Aesthetics and Philosophy of Religion Hegel emerges in human history and culture, the gradual genesis of the Absolute, which has, in itself, its foundation. The universal idea, the superior form of the Spirit, is at the end of the process, the absolute term. Hegel’s philosophy, System and Absolute: Hegel’s philosophy must embrace everything, to understand reality in its totality, think history and things, “Insight and understanding what is”. This is the task assigned to philosophy. Philosophy is a system that is to say...

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Hegel and the Philosophy of History (Summary)

Hegel and the Philosophy of History (Summary)

Hegel invented the dialectic method. Here is a summary and an analysis of the book “Reason in History” by Hegel. Hegel believes in the “rationality of the event”. Men who pursue their private and selfish interests are contributing to the achievement of history. Everything about it wants to demonstrate that history has meaning, and an analysis which we call “meta-historical” can prove it. The goal is the realization of the Spirit or, what seems a synonym, Reason. History is apparently chaotic, and the Spirit works with guile. What can we learn from Reason in History ? - The notion of historical evolution - The existence of a sort of “invisible hand” that allows the Spirit to use men’s passions to achieve his goals (I do not know if Hegel had read Adam Smith); - The notion of geographical determinism companies, already discussed by Montesquieu (Hegel quote at a time, I did not find...

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