Machiavelli

Machiavelli : The Prince (Summary)

Machiavelli : The Prince (Summary)

Machiavelli‘s Prince is subject to uncountable reviews . We do not claim to revolutionize the practice of commentary on the Prince. But we will try to get back to the essence of Machiavelli‘s thought. The Prince – Context and Summary The Prince is part of a complicated historical context, i.e. the political fragmentation of Italy. The countless kingdoms are under threat of external attacks. Machiavelli was after all a patriot who fears that his country dismantled by the rival powers. Furthermore, Machiavelli’s Prince is dedicated to Prince Medici (Florence King). Thus, the aim is to advise the princes for the unification of Italy. His method is up to political reality. Also recall that in his speech on the first Decade of Livy Machiavelli sought the reasons for the greatness of Rome, he erected a model of political success. Its goal is to create a handbook for princes. Machiavelli and...

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Machiavelli Political Philosophy Summary

In search of the ideal stateman : Machiavelli’s political philosophy Power, state, politics and morality are at the heart of Machiavelli‘s thought and philosophy: what is a good stateman ? What qualities are required to make a good politician? To not rediscover the moon, let’s look at the thinker who founded the modern political philosophy: Machiavelli. In his famous text The Prince, the Florentine, who has spent his life as close to the power of Caesar Borgia to whom The Prince attempts a sketch of the ruler. At the outset, Machiavelli denies any moral conception of power: the stateman should not follow a fixed set of rules, but adapt it to circumstances, what he calls “fortuna” (in Latin means luck, fate). By separating the morality of power, he does not, however, that the head of state must be immoral, but it can dispense with the traditional morality if necessary. This...

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Machiavelli and War

Machiavelli and War

  Published in 1521, “The Art of War” by Machiavelli echoes the Treaty of the chinese philosopher Sun Tzu. In Machiavelli‘s Philosophy, the question of war is often the horizon of politic questions. Politics and war are always mixed, often inseparable, that the State should establish relations between them, but even within states, provinces and cities.  We will only treat one aspect of this question:  how the controversy of Machiavelli against weapons and mercenaries and auxiliaries for the “own weapon” is one of the main structure of the whole of the work, one of the elements that give meaning to the texts. The error of not having understood the importance of “own weapons” and the role of the infantry is one of the “sins of princes” of the time of the wars of Italy in the writing of texts Machiavelli we feel a constant effort to understand how one could...

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End justifies the Means in Machiavelli’s Philosophy

End justifies the Means in Machiavelli’s Philosophy

Machiavelli: Which balance between Ethics & Politics ? Does the end justifies the means ? Machiavelli gives a complex answer to this fundamental politic problem. In the Prince, Machiavelli is clearly warned against any attempt to turn what is, because Machiavelli’s philosophy comes from the nature of men. Hence, The prince must take into account the actual realities. He must be aware and be done with, the specificity of social space and political context of its action. In this space, dominates the appearance, the prince can not ignore it, and must know himself in play, otherwise it will be trapped in this false duality (be-appearance). Thus in Chapter XVI we see that the prince should be careful about what they say. Reputation, rumor, are fantastical constructions that can be remotely qualities and defects of the prince, but it is not to turn away, on the contrary, you have to...

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Machiavelli’s Philosophy of power

Machiavelli’s Philosophy of power

Machiavelli: from the Prince’s adviser to the Democratic thinker What is the modernity of Machiavelli? This is precisely the spirit of Renaissance, the attempted return to the Greek thinkers, which implies a secularization of political thought. Machiavelli believed in the political effect outside the religious state without God. To analyze Machiavelli, we must return to the texts themselves as it is a controversial author. Indeed, the challenge still comes from the lack of normativity of Machiavelli: rare are the standards recommended by Machiavelli, most of his analysis is descriptive. The Prince, although his major work of Machiavelli, do not tell us his philosophy of democracy, since there deals monarchies or principalities. It is rather in the Sermon on the first decade of Livy that Machiavelli gives us his conception of the Republic. Machiavelli described the State history as the alternation of three regimes: the monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. “At...

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