Philosophy: What is man?
From Latin “Humanitas”, the concept of Man means human nature, general culture of the mind. It is also “men” in general, the human race taken as a unit. Most philosophers defined as any human being endowed with reason. What man is the ultimate metaphysical question.
Definitions of man by the Philosophers:
- Simone de Beauvoir
“Humanity is a discontinuous series of free men permanently isolate their subjectivity. ”
- Husserl (phenomenology)
“Each figure is spiritual in nature in the space of world history [...]. This trial shows humanity as a single life kissing men and peoples and linked only by spiritual traits: it envelops a multitude of types of humanity and culture, but by imperceptible transitions, melt into each other . ”
- Nietzsche (see Nietzsche Philosophy Summary)
“Mankind! He was never between all the old, old one more horrible (except perhaps the truth is a problem with the use of philosophers? ”
“Man is a rope stretched between the animal and the Superman, a rope over an abyss”
“Man is a historical idea and not a natural kind”
- Sartre (Existentialism is a humanism)
“Man is nothing else than his plan, it exists only insofar as it is realized, so it is nothing but the whole ”
- Heidegger (Being and Time)
“Man is a creature of the distant”
“Man is a reed, the weakest of nature, but it is a thinking reed. It is not necessary that the entire universe arm itself to crush: a vapor, a drop of water suffices to kill him. But when the universe to crush him, man would still be nobler than what kills him, because he knows that he dies and the advantage that the universe has over him The universe knows nothing “