Will and philosophy

What do we say when we say that someone has “will”? Why is it a compliment? The philosophical origins of this theme allow better understanding of the current uses of the term.

Recent concept, themed by Descartes as a metaphysical plane as infinite power by which man is like God. Kant will move this concept ethically: the will is connected to duty and the moral law. It is the tool of practical reason. Schopenhauer will make the blind force exerted on all beings. Psychology will give a weaker sense, the sense of thoughtful and fully conscious form of activity.

According to the classical scheme, will involve:

  • a project
  • deliberation
  • a decision
  • action

Will, desire and passion

Thus, it is different from desire, because the latter is never planned. Also, the desire may be irrational. The same passion is heteronomous, man can not control it (we do not decide to become a compulsive casino player).

Psychologists have identified two forms of pathological wishes:

  • the weak-willed (or apathetic), those who lack the will
  • impulsive, those who express too

Too high or too low, the will is it “the singular way of being in the world of man” (as stated Dufrenne)? For wanting the impossible, is to condemn oneself to not want, and it may be an alibi for the faint-hearted, wanting to pursue the true purposes which may afford. Thus, the will always take risks, but she decided to take them. It can not impossible, but wants a little beyond itself. This is why a defeated will is not necessarily broken.

The Will to Power of Nietzsche

Nietzsche’s will is a force both creative and destructive, pushing dominance leading all be enriched by creations that destroy concomitantly, other beings and other values.

“The victorious concept of force, through which our physicists have created God and the universe, needs further: we must assign an internal want the call will power, that is to say, insatiable appetite to manifest the power ”

So, basically, saying someone has “the will” is put in the center of his universe, be independent, trying to rule the world around him, in short, ultimately compare to God.

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