Spinoza

Spinoza: Ethics Summary

Spinoza: Ethics Summary

  Ethics by Spinoza : A moral, ontological and metaphysical work Ethics is an ambitious work and multifaceted. Ambitious in its subject matter as critical Spinoza all traditional philosophical conceptions of God, of man and the universe. Ambitious also by Spinoza because his method is to demonstrate the truth about God, about nature, man, religion and the good life. Indeed, Spinoza proceeds by definitions, axioms, corollaries and scholia, ie mathematically. While Spinoza’s Ethics covers theology, anthropology or ontology and metaphysics, he chose the term “ethics” because he posits that happiness comes from a liberation from superstition and passions. In other words, ontology is seen as a way to demystify the world and enable man to live according to reason. Ethics is indeed the best summary of Spinoza’s philosophy. The Ethics of Spinoza: God or Nature “By God, I mean a being absolutely infinite, that is to say, a substance...

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Spinoza’s God

Spinoza’s God : A pantheistic theory Indeed, one of the important issues of Spinoza‘s philosophy is to understand the concept of a God “out of religion”. Contrary to the God of religion Spinoza’s God is not a person but a principle. By operating this transmutation of our conception of God, I think Spinoza fight on two fronts: Firstly, Spinoza opposes the concept of a personal God. God, conceived as a person, is distinct from finite beings: the figure of Christ that stands against those he taught and those that struggle. In Christian doctrine, the value of one is accompanied by a devaluation of nature (the inner nature of sinful man, and external nature, itself tainted by sin, and now subject to alterations of the time) . Compared to the Christian problem, Spinoza operates a complete reversal: it restores the wild, not as full of beings, but as a process...

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Spinoza’s Philosophy Summary

Spinoza’s Philosophy Summary

Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), is a Dutch philosopher and has written the following works: - Treatise on God, man and his happiness (written in Latin in 1661) - Treaty on reform of the understanding (written probably in 1661) - Principles of the philosophy of Descartes (1663) - Theological-Political Treatise (1670) - Political Treatise (1673-1677) - The Ethics (published the year of the death of Spinoza) Spinoza, rejecting any divine transcendence, identifies and merges God and the nature. The intellectual love of wisdom is the true God, who is the immanent reality. Spinoza and the geometric method: The Ethics (Spinoza’s main work), is exposed as is a treatise on geometry: from definitions, axioms and postulates, it follows an ordered series of theorems, proofs and corollaries. This geometry, far from being inessential, the manifest will of the philosopher to proceed rigorously, as do mathematicians. - Spinoza seeks to express, in Ethics, objectively,...

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Spinoza: Freedom & Determinism

Spinoza: a determinist philosophy In the Ethics, Spinoza‘s pantheistic philosophy advocates a “God is defined as all real, all existing” (God is everywhere). Only God is, therefore, free for he alone is the cause of itself, a constituent nature. The man, however, is a kind natured, it is governed by an absolute necessity. If man and his actions are beyond the contingency, freedom becomes an illusion, that Spinoza demonstrate by the example of Peter. The latter moves in space, unaware of the origin of his movement, believing the cause of his movement: “A stone receives an external cause that pushes a certain momentum, which it will necessarily continue to move after stopping the external pulse. This permanence of stone in its motion is a constraint, not because it is necessary, but because it must be defined by the momentum of external causes, and what is true of the stone,...

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