Widespread in the Anglo-Saxon world, the analytical philosophy is not defined by its objects, but by its method of reasoning.
Analytic Philosophy VS Continental Philosophy
Following the new logic founded in the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century by Frege and Russell, and the philosophy of Wittgenstein, the analytic philosophy is the dominant school of thought in the Anglo-saxon world, opposed to the “continental philosophy”, a term used to describe controversy both German idealism like Heidegger, Deleuze or Derrida.
What is meant by “analytic philosophy”? Hence the question posed by the title of the book by Hans-Johann Glock: What is analytic philosophy? It covers, in fact, very different thoughts and certainly does not designate a specific philosophical doctrine, as analytic philosophers have deep disagreements between them, not just this or that particular issue, but even on the idea they have of philosophy. We can not identify analytic philosophy to american or british philosophy, since analytic philosophy has its roots in German authors such as Frege, and Austrian, as Wittgenstein. Would the analytic philosophy be defined more by its object? Despite their interest for some issues, such as the language in such writers as Wittgenstein, Austin, Searle and Quine, analytic philosophers have, in fact, focused their discussion on every area, (politics, morality or metaphysics …).
How to characterize, under these conditions, analytic philosophy? Probably by a “family resemblance” or a certain style, common to different thinkers claiming this tradition whose main concern is clarity, precision and rigor in the arguments.
Related articles on Analytic Philosophy:
- Different ways of doing philosophy (unfspb.wordpress.com)
- Space(y?) Philosophy (bigthink.com)
- Errol Morris on Wittgenstein, or someone like him in certain respects (3quarksdaily.com)