Cosmogony is a scientific or mythic account of the origin of the Universe.
Among primitive races, a cosmogony is portrayed as a single act of creation in time, with the world emerging or being shaped from one, or a few very simple, principles or elements.
In Western culture the first chapter of genesis provides the best known of such creation myths. The first attempt ar a philosophical cosmogony was by Thales of Miletus. Plato and subsequent philosophers based their cosmogonies on what they understood to be the qualities and propensities of the four elements, and no really scientific account was offered until Newton and Kant.