Encyclopedia

Find out our Encyclopedia of Philosophy, which a list of the most common philosophy concepts, ideas and theories, such as God, subjectivity, mankind, …

philosophical novels

Best Philosophical Novels

Literature and philosophy These two areas of thought go hand in hand and can form a continuum: certain authors publishing essays (Balzac, Wilde), as…

Kant & Unsocial Sociability

In Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose, Kant gives an explanation of his theory of the unsocial sociability of men. In this, Kant affirms that man…

What is a Lapsus? Freud’s Definition

Freudian definition of Lapsus Lapsus is a verbal or written or memory error that appears as an unconscious manifestation. Freud coined this term and…

Opinion: Philosophical definitions

Elements of definitions In the current language, to give one’s opinion is to give one’s “way of thinking”, in other words, assume the very…

Cause & Causality in Philosophy

General definition The cause, according to many philosophers, means a force that produces an effect. The search for causes is natural to the human mind,…

The No-Ownership Theory in Strawson

The no-ownership theory is a metaphysical doctrine of the self, labelled by Strawson. It arises from cartesian mind-body dualism (see mind body problem) and…

Emotion: Philosophical Definitions

Emotion: Philosophical Definitions

What is an emotion? Basically, Emotion can be defined as a manifestation of the emotional life, usually accompanied by a pleasurable or painful state of consciousness….

Myth of Er (Plato, Republic)

The Myth of Er is the concluding parable in Plato’s Republic (book X), concerning the fate of souls after death and the choices available…

Logical Atomism – Definition

Wittgenstein, in his Tractatus Logico Philosophicus, a expressed the logical atomism philosophy. It is the belief that analysis of the conditions necessary to give…

marcel proust madeleine

Proust and Madeleine

Marcel Proust delivered in Search of Lost Time a brilliant analysis on time, through the famous “Madeleine” (a french cookie) The Proustian Madeleine crystallizes the…

Behaviourism – Definition

The behaviourist theory has been first propounded by the psychologist J.B. Watson in Behaviourism (1925). This branch asserts that psychological functionning is definable in terms…

The Philosophical Materialism

Materialism is one the most spread philosophical schools, represented by Epicurus, Marx or Hobbes. It is opposed to idealistic philosophy. Definition As most commonly…

Dialectical Materialism in Marx

Marxist definition The dialectical materialism is a metahysical doctrine held by many marxists. It asserts that matter is primary or fundamental, and states general…

Structuralism – Definition

Structuralism is a method of approach, and not a philosophy in itself, that has application in both linguistics and the social sciences : –…