FAQ

Myth of Er (Plato, Republic)

The Myth of Er is the concluding parable in Plato’s Republic (book X), concerning the fate of souls after death and the choices available…

Structuralism – Definition

Structuralism is a method of approach, and not a philosophy in itself, that has application in both linguistics and the social sciences : –…

Emanationism – Definition

Emanationism is a theory particularly associated with neoplatonism, which accounts for the source and structure of reality in terms of a perpetual, spontaneous flowing…

Theory Laden – Definition

Denoting a concept, term, or statement that refers to, and can only be understood in the light of, a particular theory. For example, the…

Tabula Rasa in Locke

The tabula rasa is the latin expression for blank tablet. Tabula rasa have been used by John Locke in the Human Understanding to describe…

Actuality VS Potentiality in Aristotle

Actuality and Potentiality are constrasting terms for that which has form, in Aristotle‘s sense, and that which has merely the possibility of having form….

Proust and Madeleine

Marcel Proust delivered in Search of Lost Time a brillant analysis on time, through the famous “Madeleine” (a french cookie) The Proustian Madeleine crystallizes the…

Solipsism (Definition)

The solipsism is a philosophical theory which asserts that i am the sole existent, the sole true reality. To be a solipsist, I must…

Social Contract: Definition

The social contract theories – Quick Overview The social contract is, in philosophy, an agreement between individuals, or between individuals and a governing power,…

Innate Ideas: Definition

Innate ideas are ideas or knowledge prior and independant of sense experience. For Plato, knowledge of the Forms derives from innate ideas which are…

The philosophical problem of induction

Induction – Definitions Induction as a method of reasonning by which a general law or principle is inferred from observed particular instances. The word…

Principle of Individuation: Definition

The principle of individuation is a principle that uniquely identifies one indivual. A scholastic dispute concerned whether individuation is effected materially or in virtue…

Buridan’s ass

The traditional illustrative example, first found in Aristotle but now associated with Buridan, of the problem of decision making when there is no reason…

The Principle of the Best

The principle of the best lies in Leibniz’s philosophy, whose think the absolue perfection of the world. This principle has been satirized by Voltaire…

Feelings

The feeling, in philosophy, is defined as anything that we feel, especially the low-intensity emotions and passions, and the general inclinations of man (moral…

Freud and Sublimation

Sublimation is a psychoanalytic concept invented by Sigmund Freud to describe the transformation of tendencies or instincts in lower rates and higher sentiments. For…

Is Kant a philosopher of the Enlightenment?

Yes, for two reasons: – Kant lived in the 18th century called the Age of the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason – Kant published an essay on the Enlightenment: What is Enlightenment? which provides the following response: Think for yourself.

Hedonism & Epicureanism

The difference between hedonism and Epicureanism reports to the pleasure: – Epicurus says that man must control his pleasures, delights in not only agreed to thenatural and necessary (basic needs) – Hedonists believe that man must maximize its pleasures, whatever they are.

Proletarian Dictatorship – Marx

What is the dictatorship of the proletariat in Marx? Definition Karl Marx’s philosophy is a philosophy of history. In other words, Marx believed that…