French

Find out papers and researches on French Philosophers and their philosophical ideas (Voltaire, Sartre, Descartes, …).
Main topics of their thoughts are covered : ethics, metaphysics
Main concepts : freedom, God, tolerance, subjectivity, …

Pascal : Man is a thinking reed

Pascal : Man is a thinking reed

This is the most famous quote by Blaise Pascal, a French philosopher. This is an excerpt of his Thoughts: Man is a reed, the…

Sartre and Bad Faith

Can we lie to ourselves? Bad Faith and Freedom in Sartre’s thought Commonly, one say that the bad faith consists to maintain against all…

Foucault, Power and Knowledge

Foucault’s definition of power is simple enough: power is a struggle for powers. Note that the term “power” here is not written in the…

Voltaire: Candide (Summary & Analysis)

Candide – Analysis Candide is Voltaire’s Masterpiece, the most read and commented work of the Age of Enlightenment around the world. How Candide is…

Baudrillard: The Consumer Society

The consumer society by Baudrillard : A sociological approach to capitalism Consumer society, by Jean Baudrillard, is a major contribution to contemporary sociology and…

Man is a useless passion (Sartre)

Explanation of this quote This is the conclusion of Sartre in Being and Nothingness: man, as a for-itself which always escapes to him, wants…

Montaigne Philosophy Summary

Montaigne Philosophy Summary

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1533 – 1592) is a french humanist, philosopher and essayist, influential in reviving and popularizing greek sceptical theories during the…

Blaise Pascal Philosophy Summary

Blaise Pascal Philosophy Summary

Blaise Pascal: a thought on God, death and passion Blaise Pascal is both a philosopher, a religious thinker and a mathematician. Pascal is considered…

Nicolas Malebranche Philosophy

Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715) is a french philosopher and theologian. He is the principal developer of Cartesianism, i.e. the philosophy of Descartes. 

Sartre and Consciousness

Cartesian cogito and Sartrean intentionality: In Being and Nothingness, Sartre attempts to rethink the Cartesian cogito. Thus, against Descartes and his “I think therefore…

Denis Diderot: Philosophy Summary

Denis Diderot: Philosophy Summary

Denis Diderot is a french essayist, philosopher and playwright, one the leading figures of the Enlightenment. He studied in Paris where he became acquainted…

Robespierre and the Reign of Terror

Robespierre and the Reign of Terror

Robespierre and The conspiracy theory: We will try to show that the french revolutionary terror is indeed based on a conspiracy theory that leads…

Rousseau’s Philosophy Summary

Rousseau’s Philosophy Summary

The Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau Genevan philosopher writing in French, Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote essentially: – Discourse on the Sciences and Arts (1750) – Discourse…

Camus and Absurdism

Camus and Absurdism

The Concept of absurd plays a major role in Camus and existentialism philosophy: the Stranger (1942) and the Myth of Sisyphus (1942) defines the…

Sartre: Nausea (Analysis)

Sartre: Nausea (Analysis)

Nausea as an ontological feeling Nausea is the first novel by Jean-Paul Sartre, published in 1938. This novel tells the ontological experience of Roquentin,…