French

Find out papers and researches on French Philosophers and their philosophical ideas (Voltaire, Sartre, Descartes, …).
Main topics of their thoughts are covered : ethics, metaphysics
Main concepts : freedom, God, tolerance, subjectivity, …

Voltaire’s Philosophy

Voltaire’s Philosophy

Voltaire (also known as Francois-Marie Arouet) is one of the most famous enlightenment philosophers. Voltaire is even often seen as the representative of the…

Descartes: Meditations 1

Descartes: Meditations 1

The Meditations (or Meditations on first philosophy) is a philosophical work by René Descartes, first published in Latin in 1641. From the perspective of…

Descartes: Meditations II

Descartes: Meditations II

We continue the review of Descartes’ Meditations : after Meditations 1, here is an analysis of Medidations 2. At the heart of the second Meditations…

The Second Sex – Simone De Beauvoir

The Second Sex – Simone De Beauvoir

The Second Sex has been published in 1949 by a french existentialist philosopher, Simone De Beauvoir. Some critics consider this essay as the greatest manifesto…

Levinas and Face

Levinas and Face

The human face in Emmanuel Levinas Our century has seen the man’s face disappear behind the multiplicity of determinations (biological, social and linguistic) that…

Essays by Montaigne

Essays by Montaigne

Essays are a work by Michel de Montaigne published from 1580 to 1588. It is the work of a fifty year old man , returning…

Bachelard’s Philosophy

Bachelard’s Philosophy

Bachelard’s Philosophy: Science and Poetics The French philosopher Gaston Bachelard has worked on two main themes: the philosophy of science and imagination. In the…

Pascal : Man is a thinking reed

Pascal : Man is a thinking reed

This is the most famous quote by Blaise Pascal, a French philosopher. This is an excerpt of Thoughts: “Man is a reed, the weakest…

Sartre: Existence precedes essence

Sartre: Existence precedes essence

This quote is from the conference Existentialism is a Humanism where Sartre defines his views on existentialism. We shall not repeat the context of…

Descartes and Doubt

Descartes and Doubt

What is cartesian doubt? In the Discorse on Method, Descartes draws a distinction between one side the practical life, a field of action, and…