Freud and the second topic : Ego, Supergo and Id
Freud has brought a quite simple revolution: it consists in destroying, disintegrating the human subject, such as Descartes and Kant had defined him, that is to say as being endowed with a faculty of representation, namely consciousness.
The first theory was divided into three parts (conscious, preconscious, unconscious), but Freud quickly realized the limitations of this theory.
Freud therefore creates a second theory (in 1923) built on this triptych, ego, superego and id:
Freud and the id:
Here is how Freud describes it:
“This is the darkest part, the most impenetrable of our personality. The place of Chaos. It is filled with energy from the drives, but without showing any organization , no general will, he intended merely to satisfy instinctual needs, in accordance with the principle of pleasure. The it knows and does not tolerate contradiction. There is no evidence of flow of time”
The means that the largest share of the unconscious man is the reservoir of human instincts, the receptacle of unexpressed desires and repressed deep. These instinctual needs need to be channeled, in particular through sublimation (which is a roundabout way to achieve an instinctual desire)
Freud and the superego:
The superego represents the internalization of parental prohibitions, power interdictrice whose ego is obliged to consider. The human being suffers, in fact, throughout his childhood, a long length expresses the superego. The superego is the voice within us that says “do not”.
Freud and the ego:
The ego means that part of the conscious personality performing the functions:
“The ego has the task of being the representative of this world in the eyes of this and for the greater good of the latter. Indeed, to me, without it, hoping blindly instinctual satisfactions, would unwisely cons break this external force more powerful than him. overtakes me the pleasure principle, which, in it, dominates the most aboslue. He was replaced by the reality principle best ensure safety and success ”
In summary: The second topic at the heart of the human personnality
The ego is the defensive part of our personality, it is considered as the most conscious. He tries using a mediator to meet the respective interests of the id, the superego and the outside world to find a balance. The ego is a “poor creature, serving three masters.” Indeed, I must endure the threat from the outside world, the id and superego. The id is the “place” from which the impulses, it responds primarily the domain of the instinctive and unconscious. In addition, it knows no rules, no time nor space, nor prohibited and is governed only by his libido, ie the psychic energy often linked to sexuality or aggression, the ultimate aim to achieve immediate pleasure. Finally, the superego is the critical agent, the internalization of parental prohibitions and requirements, social and cultural. It is partly unconscious, and forms during childhood and adolescence.