In continental europe, German philosophers are impressive for everyone : Hegel, Kant, Nietzsche, Marx, Freud, Schopenhauer, Fichte, Husserl (and so on) have each brought a philosophy rupture : Kant the copernican revolution, Hegel the dialectic, Nietzsche the will to power, marx the philosophy of history, Freud the unconscious, Schopenhauer the will …
Here is a complete list of major german philosophers :
- 1 Kant and the Sublime
- 2 Sigmund Freud’s Theorie
- 3 Kant and Metaphysics (Summary)
- 4 Leibniz’s Monadology Summary
- 5 Nietzsche: God is dead (Explanation)
- 6 Buber’s I and Thou (Suymmary)
- 7 Hegel’s Philosophy Summary
- 8 Kierkegaard’s Philosophy Summary
- 9 Kant vs Hume
- 10 Nietzsche’s Philosophy
- 11 Nietzsche: Become what you are
- 12 Hegel and the Philosophy of History (Summary)
- 13 Heidegger the Being-for-Death
- 14 Brentano’s intentionnality
- 15 Religion is the opium of the people – Marx
The sublime is at the heart of Kant’s aesthetic philosophy. Kant defines sublime as that is beyond all comparison (that is absolutely) great, either mathematically in terms of limitless magnitude, or dynamically in terms of limitless power. This is the standard meaning, derived from Kant.
Sigmund Freud, an Austrian psychiatrist and thinker, has developed many theories on the human subjectivity and founded the psychoanalysis method. Freud explored the unconscious, still poorly known in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth centuries….
Kant and the rejection of the dogmatic metaphysics Kant’s project in the metaphysics branch holds in one sentence: breaking with dogmatism. To achieve this goal, Kant questions the human reason, its status and limitations. In a word, the metaphysical question is: what am I able to know? How can we really know?
Leibniz defines the monad as a simple substance, without a party. The existence of compound bodies proves the existence of monads, since the existence of the compound proves the existence of simple. Thus, “what are the true atoms of nature” What may look like the parts absolutely simple, monads?
Nietzsche : God is dead “God is dead” is often how Nietzsche’s philosophy is summarized. Let’s try a bit to see its origin and its consequences. The projet of Nietzsche is to “overturn the table of values,” to think the man from himself, and not anymore from God. This quote is from the work Also Sprach …
Martin Buber : Biography Martin Buber was born in Vienna in 1878 and died in 1965. He was a jewish philosopher and theologian. From 1925 Buber lectured on Jewish religion and ethics at the University of Frankfurt am Main until the rise of Nazi power forced him to leave in 1933.
Hegel, the philosopher of the System Hegel is a German philosopher who built a vast system ordering all knowledge of his time. Among his main works: – The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) – Philosophical Propaedeutics (1809-1816) – Science of Logic (1812-1816) – Handbook of the Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences (1817)
The existentialist philosophy of Soëren Kierkegaard Among the essential works of Kierkegaard, the Danish existentialist philosopher wrote : – The Alternative (1843) – Fear and Trembling (1843) – The Concept of Anxiety(1844) – Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments (1846)
Kant and Hume: A philosophical controvery In this article, the positions of Kant and Hume will be presented regarding the relationship between reason and morality. Through their respective works, A Treatise of human nature,and Grounding for the metaphysics of morals,
Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher Nietzsche is the philosopher of the will to power, seen as vital creation and fulfillment. What is essential is our world as it is joy and desire for power. As for the illusion of ulterior worlds, Nietzsche stalking in all its forms. Nietzsche : God is dead & nihilism …
Nietzsche: A Philosophy of Superman The phrase “Become what thou art” is part of the nietzschean Vulgate. Still, she remains at the heart of Nietzsche‘s thought, insofar as it symbolizes his conception of subjectivity. Extracted from Thus Spoke Zarathustra, which has the role of the new man
Hegel invented the dialectic method. Here is a summary and an analysis of the book “Reason in History” by Hegel. Hegel believes in the “rationality of the event”. Men who pursue their private and selfish interests are contributing to the achievement of history. Everything about it wants to demonstrate that history has meaning, and an analysis which we call “meta-historical” can prove it.
In Being and Time, Martin Heidegger described man (being) as being-for-death, i.e his ultimate project. Introduction to the Dasein structure by Heidegger To understand Heidegger’s reflection on being-for-death (Sein zum Tode), this theory should be put in the basic analytic of this philosopher, and his understanding of being by redefining concepts that we will be useful later for
Brentano’s main added value consists in bringing the doctrine of intentionnality in the philosophicla system. Brentano’s intentionnalityhas distinguished and characterized mental events as “the direction of the mind to an object” in perception, judgement or belief and approval or disapproval. This theory has clearly influenced Edmund Husserl, the founder of the phenomenology.
The quote “Religion is the opium of the people” is one of the most famous phrases of Karl Marx, also became the moto against religion and Christianity in general. The Religion according to Marx Religion according to Marx has several dimensions: – Religion is a bourgeois concept – Religion is a form of alienation -…