German

Find out papers and researches on German philosophers and their philosophical ideas (Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, …).
Main topics of their thoughts are covered : ethics, metaphysics, …

Spinoza: Ethics Summary

Spinoza: Ethics Summary

  Ethics by Spinoza : A moral, ontological and metaphysical work Ethics is an ambitious work and multifaceted. Ambitious in its subject matter as…

Democracy : a political definition

Democracy : a political definition

What is democracy? A Political definition The recent Indian election, issue of 700 million voters, raises the question of the nature, the essence of…

Kant and Religion

Kant and religion : between ethics ans religious hope Kant is not a theologian, but religion is exposed in all his philosophical work, the…

Nietzsche: Become what you are

Nietzsche: Become what you are

Nietzsche: A Philosophy of Superman The phrase “Become what thou art” is part of the nietzschean Vulgate. Still, she remains at the heart of…

Heidegger and the Being-Toward-Death

Heidegger and the Being-Toward-Death

In Being and Time, the philosopher Martin Heidegger described man (being) as a being-toward-death, i.e his ultimate project. Introduction to the Dasein structure by Heidegger…

Brentano’s intentionnality

Brentano’s main added value consists in bringing the doctrine of intentionnality in the philosophicla system. Brentano’s intentionnalityhas distinguished and characterized mental events as “the…

Marx: Ideology and Domination

Marx: Ideology and Domination

Karl Marx and Ideology Ideology is a central concept in Marx. Indeed, it is derived from the notion of “superstructure “. Marx distinguishes two…

Kant Philosophy Summary

Kant’s Philosophy: Metaphysic, Aesthetic and Ethics Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, has written a very abundant philosophy, among: – Critique of Pure Reason (first edition…

Husserl’s Phenomenology

Husserl’s Phenomenology

Edmund Husserl is the founder of phenomenology, a philosophical method which creates new concepts, such as intentionality, eidetic reduction, transcendantal ego, epoche, intersubjectivity,… : Husserl’s…

Kierkegaard: aesthetic and seduction

Kierkegaard: aesthetic and seduction

After the first article on Kierkegaard (Kierkegaard’s Philosophy), we will publish three sections to his philosophy of life stages, starting of course with the…

Schopenhauer: On Women

Schopenhauer : A phallocentric philosopher Schopenhauer, in his Essay on Women, is trying to demonstrate the inferiority of women. He is obsessed with a…

Nietzsche’s Superman

Nietzsche’s Superman

The concept of Superman is both the best known of Nietzsche’s philosophy but also and especially the more complex. This concept goes through the…

Kant and Categorical Imperative

Kant and Categorical Imperative

Kant & Moral Imperatives: The notion of imperative is central to Kant’s philosophy, and particularly Kant’s ethics. In Kant’s thought, the representation of a…

Freud: Ego, Superego and id

Freud: Ego, Superego and id

Freud and the second topic : Ego, Supergo and Id Freud has  brought a quite simple revolution: it consists in destroying, disintegrating the human…

Spinoza’s God

Spinoza’s God : A pantheistic theory Indeed, one of the important issues of Spinoza‘s philosophy is to understand the concept of a God “out…