Good is a moral concept nowadays. In ancient times, the good is defined as an ontological category (see Plato and Ideas).
General Definitions of the Good:
– In economics, the Good means the property, capital
– In ethics, the good is that which conforms to the moral ideal. It is a fundamental normative concept.
Specific definitions of philosophers:
– The Good according to Plato: “Good is not an essence, but something to” pass away gasoline in majesty and power (The Republic)
– The Good according to Aristotle: “The good is that toward which it tends in all circumstances ” (Nicomachean Ethics)
– The Good according to Spinoza: “By good, I mean, any kind of joy, all that fills the wait”
– The Good according to Locke: “Good is everything in us pleasure” (Essay Concerning Human Understanding
– The Good according to Descartes: “The highest good of all men is a whole heap of all property, both the soul and the body of capital, which may be in some men but that of each individual is in anything else and it consists only of a determination to do well, and contentment q’elle product “(Passions of the Soul)
– The Good according to Kant: “The virtue and happiness are the highest good” (Critique of Practical Reason)