All philosophies of India are as interpretation and resumption of Vedic hymns written there 5000 years. Themselves represent an effort to secure a full and complete vision of the truth. The Indians thus share with the West the idea of a dogmatic and universal thought, that would not only Weltanshauung.
Hinduism and truth
The principle of Hindu philosophy is that abstract knowledge has in itself no value if it does not lead us to experience the truth. Speaking first in invocation (mantra), then in parables (Upanishad), rituals (brahmana), techniques (yoga), contemporary philosophy has found Aurobindo with a discursive and rational expression. The problem is to overcome the natural dualism of common consciousness (maya) and participate in the divine life (lila).
To achieve Madhvacharya advocates the way of worship, Cankaracharya that of inner work. It is generally opposed philosophies detachment (Vedanta, Śivaism, Buddhism) to mysticism, which invites us rather to lose ourselves in the world (Tantrism Vishnuism).
A thought of wisdom
Doctrine of wisdom without being irrational, Indian philosophy has always exerted a strong power of seduction on Western thought, and indirectly a certain tradition of our philosophy, including by Plotinus. Bergson devoted a chapter of the Two Sources of Morality and Religion in Hindu mysticism, opposed to Christian mysticism. Schopenhauer is also strongly impregnated with Orientalism.