Leibniz‘s popularity all over the world is derived from the trial conducted by Voltaire (in Candide) over his alleged innocence or complacency. “Everything is for the best in the best of all worlds” would be the summary of the philosophy of Leibniz.
The few quotations from Leibniz below show the opposite: optimism cannot summarize his philosophy.
Leibniz, God and the existence of the world:
– “Things exist as far as possible”
– “Nothing is without reason” (principle of sufficient reason)
– “Why is there something rather than nothing?”
– “So God alone makes the connection and communication of substances, and it was through him that the phenomena of each meet and agree with everyone else, and therefore there is the reality in our perceptions”
– “Everything is determined, no doubt, but we do not know how he is, or what is planned or committed, we must do our duty, according to the Reason that God has given us and following the rules he We were prescribed ”
Leibniz and subjectivity:
– “The action of the internal principle which made the change or passage from one perception to another may be called appetitive”
-“But in simple substances the influence of one monad over another is ideal only”
– “I do not conceive of any reality at all as without genuine unity”