Memory, in philosophy, designates the persistence of the past. The past can persist in the form of simple habits; but memory more properly refers to the representation of the past.
We can identify 5 elements in memory:
- fixing memories
- preserve memories
- recall memories
- recognition of memories
- location of the memory
Memory disorders can be disorders of fixation (retrograde amnesia), conservation (Alzheimer’s disease), recall, recognition (paramnesia) or localization (phenomenon of social maladjustment).
In psychoanalysis, forgetting does not exist: only repression makes one believe in forgetting.