Hedonism & Epicureanism

The difference between hedonism and Epicureanism reports to the pleasure: – Epicurus says that man must control his pleasures, delights in not only agreed to thenatural and necessary (basic needs) – Hedonists believe that man must maximize its pleasures, whatever they are.

Popular Philosophy Papers

Every end of year is a time for retrospective ! Here is a list of most popular philosophy papers over 2011 : 1. Voltaire’s…

Machine-Animals

What is the theory of Descartes’ animal-machine? Descartes believed that animals have no mind and their movements are reduced to a set of purely…

Eudaemonism

What is eudaemonism? Eudaemonism (Greek eudemonia, happy) is a branch of moral philosophy that promotes happiness as the supreme goal of the human existence….

Epicureanism and Stoicism

There are many differences (moral conception of man, ontology, metaphysics, …) between Epicureanism and Stoicism, two of the most known philosophy schools: – Epicureanism advocates a minimum happiness, but a philosophy of the will. –…

Cartesianism

Cartesianism means the philosophy of Descartes and his followers. Spinoza, Malebranche and Leibniz are the main representatives of Cartesianism after Descartes. Leibniz developed the…

Catharsis

In Greek catharsis means purification. Catharsis is the state created by the art and which, as its name suggests, purifies the soul of his…

Body-subject

The concept of body-subject is the term used by philosophers to describe the human body, as opposed to just body material. German in particular,…

Egotism

Egotism is a concept coined by Stendhal to describe the analysis performed by someone on itself in order to “refine his feelings to better…

Cynicism

Cynicism is a school of Greek philosophers, founded by a disciple of Socrates, Antisthenes. Diogenes the Dog is the most important thinker of this…

Death: Philosophy definitions

Death: Philosophy definitions

Philosophers and death: In antiquity, Epicureanism literally pulverizes and removes the concept of death: death is nothing. The position of Epicurus is updated to…

Abbagnano’s Philosophy

Abbagnano’s Philosophy

Nicola Abbagnano is an important contemporary philosopher, near the existentalist school. Abbagnano has been influenced by Husserl‘s phenomenology and by the works of Kierkegaard…

Plato Books

It includes the writings of Plato into three periods: The first period would include: apologia Crito Euthyphro Laches Charmides ion Hippias Minor Lysis Euthydemus…

Being for-itself / in-itself

The terms in-itself and for-itself were created by Sartre in Being and Nothingness. They together form the ontology of Sartre’s theory of reality in Being and Nothingness. The in-itself is the world of physical things (a paper cutter, an…

Plato’s Theory of Knowledge

The theory of reminiscence is expressed by Plato in the Meno, book on virtue. For Plato, knowledge is to remember, remember. Search and learning are one and the same act. This theory is based on the assumption of the…