Philosophers

Find out papers and research on major philosophers of the history, from every continents (Europe, US, Asia, Africa) what are their main key concepts

The Public sphere and Habermas

The Public sphere and Habermas

“What is Enlightenment?” : The birth of modern public sphere in Habermas’s Philosophy The concept of “public sphere” was first used by Habermas in…

Machiavelli’s Philosophy of power

Machiavelli’s Philosophy of power

Machiavelli: from the Prince’s adviser to the Democratic thinker What is the modernity of Machiavelli? This is precisely the spirit of Renaissance, the attempted…

Nietzsche’s Morality

Nietzsche’s Morality

The Ethics of Friedrich Nietzsche After the article on the death of God in Nietzsche and his invitation to become what we are, let’s…

Hume and Miracles

Hume and Miracles

Miracles and Philosophy The Miracle issue is at the heart of the philosophy of Hume, as a proof of his empiricism. Far from the…

Amartya Sen and Capabilities

Amartya Sen and Capabilities

The writings of Amartya Sen, Indian economist and philosopher, Nobel laureate in economics in 1998, are now recognized for their major contribution to the…

Rawls: Justice as Fairness

Rawls: Justice as Fairness

In the theory of justice by Rawls, this philosopher defends a whole new society concept, based on: – A basic structure (intrinsic value) and…

Aristotle’s Philosophy (Summary)

Aristotle’s Philosophy (Summary)

Aristotle, the philosopher of the rationality (city and individuals) Aristotle is one of the most famous Greek philosophers. Aristotle was a pupil of Plato and…

The Second Sex – Simone De Beauvoir

The Second Sex – Simone De Beauvoir

The Second Sex has been published in 1949 by a french existentialist philosopher, Simone De Beauvoir. Some critics consider this essay as the greatest manifesto…

Eugenics, Cloning and Philosophy

Eugenics, Cloning and Philosophy

The issue of cloning and eugenics is a prominent issue of ethical philosophy. A contemporary German philosopher, Peter Sloterdijk, spoke bluntly about this tricky…

Kant’s Ethics Summary

Kant’s Ethics Summary

Summary of Kant’s ethics The moral of Kant reads primarily in two major works: – The Metaphysics of Morals – The Critique of Practical…

Kant : On Enlightenment (Summary)

Kant : What is enlightenment ? This quote from Kant is extracted from a short but important piece of political philosophy of Kant. The…

Heidegger and Technology

Heidegger and Technology

Mathematization of nature In 1623, Galileo said that “the great book of nature is written in mathematical symbols.” This thesis is the founding of…

Plato and Forms

Plato, all along his work, has developed a whole theory of Forms (Ideas). Plato asserts the forms are the true reality, that which derives…

Ayn Rand and Objectivism

Ayn Rand and Objectivism

Ayn Rand is both an american philosopher and a writer. Rand has been a very influential philosopher in the United States, but almost unknown…