Philosophers

Find out papers and research on major philosophers of the history, from every continents (Europe, US, Asia, Africa) what are their main key concepts

Man is a useless passion (Sartre)

Explanation of this quote This is the conclusion of Sartre in Being and Nothingness: man, as a for-itself which always escapes to him, wants…

Bergson Philosophy Summary

Bergson Philosophy Summary

Henri Bergson: a rationalist and Cartesian philosopher Hostile to the materialistic positivism, Henri Bergson, a French vitalist philosopher, has opertated a return to the immediate…

Philosophy: Free Courses

Online, free and comprehensive philosophy courses The-Philosophy.com provides free resources and philosophy courses for students, as well as tests for philosophy exams. Written by…

Contemporary Philosophers

From Classical to contemporary philosophy Students often think that philosophy ends to Descartes. Some teachers and faculty launched the following joke: “A good philosopher is…

Nietzsche Philosophy

Nietzsche Philosophy

Life and Works Friedrich Nietzsche is a german writer and philosopher (1844-1900) born at Rochen, the son of a lutheran pastor. Educated at the…

Montaigne Philosophy Summary

Montaigne Philosophy Summary

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1533 – 1592) is a french humanist, philosopher and essayist, influential in reviving and popularizing greek sceptical theories during the…

Adam Smith As a moral philosopher

Adam Smith As a moral philosopher

“Vice is always capricious, virtue only is regular and orderly” Adam Smith, well-known as a scottish economist, is also a philosopher through his essay…

Blaise Pascal Philosophy Summary

Blaise Pascal Philosophy Summary

Blaise Pascal: a thought on God, death and passion Blaise Pascal is both a philosopher, a religious thinker and a mathematician. Pascal is considered…

Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel (Summary)

Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel (Summary)

The Phenomenology of Spirit, or the adventure of consciousness The Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel, published in 1807, is based on a precious philosophical intuition:…

Nicolas Malebranche Philosophy

Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715) is a french philosopher and theologian. He is the principal developer of Cartesianism, i.e. the philosophy of Descartes. 

Hilary Putnam Philosophy Summary

Hilary Putnam Philosophy Summary

Hilary Putnam is one of the most important contemporary philosopher, who works in the analytic philosophy branch. Metaphysics and ontology During his career, Putnam…

Friedrich Engels Philosophy

Friedrich Engels Philosophy

Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) is the lifelong friend and collaborator of Karl Marx. He wrote many works on politics and history. Unlike Marx, he also…

Sartre and Consciousness

Cartesian cogito and Sartrean intentionality: In Being and Nothingness, Sartre attempts to rethink the Cartesian cogito. Thus, against Descartes and his “I think therefore…

Edmund Burke Philosophy Summary

Edmund Burke Philosophy Summary

Edmund Burke (1729-1797) is a statesman, british philosopher. Synthesis of Burke Philosophy Burke’s major contribution to philosophy was on aesthetics philosophy : “Philosophical Inquiry…

Francis Bacon Philosophy Summary

Francis Bacon Philosophy Summary

Life and Works Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is a london-born philosopher who was the the forerunner of the british empiricism tradition, streching through Locke, Hume,…

John Locke Works

John Locke Works

John Locke (1632-1704) is probably the greatest and certainly the most influential, english philosopher, whose became the foundation both for classical british empiricism and…

Kant and the Sublime

The sublime is at the heart of Kant’s aesthetic philosophy. Kant defines sublime as that is beyond all comparison (that is absolutely) great, either…

Stream of Consciousness in James

The stream of consciousness is a phrase coined by the psychologist William James as a characterization of the mind, that is,  that it is…