Philosophers

Find out papers and research on major philosophers of the history, from every continents (Europe, US, Asia, Africa) what are their main key concepts

Jean-Paul Sartre Philosophy Summary

Jean-Paul Sartre Philosophy Summary

Jean-Paul Sartre is the philosopher of human freedom. He build an existentialist philosophy, where man loneliness and responsibility is absolue. Despite this fragile condition,…

Freud: Ego, Superego and id

Freud: Ego, Superego and id

Freud and the second topic : Ego, Supergo and Id Freud has  brought a quite simple revolution: it consists in destroying, disintegrating the human…

Spinoza’s God

Spinoza’s God : A pantheistic theory Indeed, one of the important issues of Spinoza‘s philosophy is to understand the concept of a God “out…

Adorno and the culture industry

Adorno and the culture industry

The Critical theory of the 70s has sought to rethink the Aufklärung (Enlightenment) of the 18th century. Two major writers, Adorno and Horkheimer, violently…

Machiavelli and War

Machiavelli and War

  Published in 1521, “The Art of War” by Machiavelli echoes the Treaty of the chinese philosopher Sun Tzu. In Machiavelli‘s Philosophy, the question of…

Nietzsche: The Will to power

The Will to power at the heart of Nietzsche’s Philosophy The will to power is the title of an unfinished work, begun to 1883,…

Leibniz’s Philosophy Summary

Leibniz’s Philosophy Summary

Wilhelm Gottfried Leibniz, German philosopher and scholar, wrote essentially: – Discourse on Metaphysics (1685) – New Essays on Human Understanding (1704) – The Monadology…

Locke: Human Understanding Summary

Locke: Human Understanding Summary

An Essay concerning human Understanding by John Locke An essay concerning human understanding is one of the greatest philosophy works : Locke, folllowing, Descartes,…

Epicurus Philosophy Summary

Epicurus Philosophy Summary

Epicurus Philosophy: Happiness, Death and Desire The philosopher Epicurus (341-270 BC.) has lived in Greece at trouble times, when the Hellenic cities have declined….

Marx’s Philosophy Summary

Marx’s Philosophy Summary

According to Marx, theoretical philosophy should be essentially practical. The philosophy should be inseparable from a radical transformation of society, thus contributing converted into praxis,…

Locke and Natural Rights

Locke and Natural Rights

Natural rights at the heart of Locke’s Political Philosophy John Locke is the philosopher of the issue on natural rights. In the Treatise on…

Michel Foucault and Power

Michel Foucault and Power

If you are looking at a definition of power in Foucault works, we find one, in fact quite simple, but nevertheless likely to upset…

Rousseau and Human Nature

Rousseau and Human Nature

Rousseau: A Philosophy of Nature The Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is a huge moral and political edifice. From Emile to the Social Contract, Rousseau presents…

Wittgenstein and Language

Wittgenstein and Language

Wittgenstein puts the language at the top of his philosophy. According to him, each language has its limits. Wittgenstein’s FIRST PHILOSOPHY (1911-1918) The Wittgenstein’s Tractatus…

Hobbes vs Locke: State of Nature

Hobbes vs Locke: State of Nature

The state of nature is a concept used in political philosophy by most Enlightenment philosophers, such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. The state of nature is a representation of human existence prior to…

Sartre and Freedom

Sartre and Freedom

Sartre: A Philosopher of Freedom After the previous articles on Sartre’s ethics, his quotes, a synthesis of his philosophy and a review of the…