Philosophers

Find out papers and research on major philosophers of the history, from every continents (Europe, US, Asia, Africa) what are their main key concepts

Hobbes’ Philosophy

Hobbes’ Philosophy

Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher, is essentially the author of the following works: – De cive (1642) – Leviathan, or the Matter, Forme, and Power…

Aristotle : Poetics (Summary)

Aristotle : Poetics (Summary)

From the Poetics by Aristotle devoted to literary criticism, only the first part – mainly dedicated to the tragedy – was received. Long forgotten by…

Hume’s Philosophy Summary

Hume’s Philosophy Summary

David Hume, a british and empiricist philosopher, wrote essentially the following works : – Treatise of Human Nature (1740) – Essays Concerning Human Understanding ((1748)…

Spinoza’s Philosophy Summary

Spinoza’s Philosophy Summary

Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), is a Dutch philosopher and has written the following works: – Treatise on God, man and his happiness (written in Latin…

Schopenhauer’s Philosophy Summary

Schopenhauer’s Philosophy Summary

Pessimistic thinker, Arthur Schopenhauer has shattered the illusions performed on human and had a considerable influence on the history of philosophy (Nietzsche), on the art (Wagner)…

Heidegger’s Philosophy Summary

Heidegger’s Philosophy Summary

Martin Heidegger is a German philosopher.  Heidegger  shows “Human reality” (Dasein) is often lost in inauthentic and everyday life. But human being can also find his…

The Philosophy of Karl Popper

The Philosophy of Karl Popper

Karl Popper, an austro-british philosopher, invented the falsifiability concept as a criterion of demarcation between science and pseudoscience. Popper’s Philosophy : Science and Falsifiability Popper’s publications…

The Philosophy of Jeremy Bentham

The Philosophy of Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher of the 18th century. He founded the branch of the utilitarian philosophy. His main work is Introduction to…

Camus: The Fall (Analysis)

The Fall by Camus explores the theme of guilt: the thesis of this philosophical novel in one sentence: we are all responsible for everything….

Voltaire’s Philosophy

Voltaire’s Philosophy

Voltaire (also known as Francois-Marie Arouet) is one of the most famous enlightenment philosophers. Voltaire is even often seen as the representative of the…

Marx and Socialism

Marx and Socialism

Karl Marx was born in 1818 and died in 1883. He became a socialist in 1843. The duration of his political activity for socialism…

Descartes: Meditations 1

Descartes: Meditations 1

The Meditations (or Meditations on first philosophy) is a philosophical work by René Descartes, first published in Latin in 1641. From the perspective of…

Capital by Karl Marx

Capital by Karl Marx

Summary of the Capital by Karl Marx Capital is Marx‘s masterpiece, a work he has been working for over thirty years but never finished….

William James Psychology

William James Psychology

William James Theories William James (1842 – 1910) is an American philosopher. Master of the psychological analysis, keen observer who has opened a new…

The Philosophy of Socrates

The Philosophy of Socrates

Socrates : the founder of Western Philosophy Often considered as the father of the Western philosophy, Socrates is as famous as unknown, but he remains…

Descartes: Meditations II

Descartes: Meditations II

We continue the review of Descartes’ Meditations : after Meditations 1, here is an analysis of Medidations 2. At the heart of the second Meditations…