What is education?
Education was first advocated by the family in order to favor the socialization of kids. The school is the transmition of knowledge; The instruction is through education. In the concept of education is the notion of raising the person to be over, she appropriates the knowledge so that it can be used in a new environment. In learning there be knowledge in a given society. Learning is also the imitation.
There arises the question: Whatit is transmitted? Why what theoretical knowledge rather than another? How to educate without indoctrinating ? when teaching social science philosophy … it also conveys our values! Question positioning of the teacher. The education is much more than the transmition. It involves the construction of the same person. the aim is that the person is as a subject (someone like a person ability to identify itself to make choices and to say) We must accept the other (all that is not me) escapes us. We must reach the person is in a situation to give itself a means to learn. The mission of the educator is to disappear! He initially there’s always an asymmetrical relationship in the sense appriorie is a person who has knowledge that the other did not. Annah Arendt for her child does not decide what he learns as an adult. Is that the child is able to decide what needs to learn for himself.
Pedagogy and Education
That means the method that allows us to transmit a knowledge
Education is what brings the person to change a change to the extent that it is rushed.
From Ancient Greece to Enlightenment
The education is going to tutor. The company is divided into a free man and slave. Value for a man greek knowledge is evaluated. this knowledge can affect only the elites. it is rather special, preceptors are doctors, sages taught that go from town to town. For Socrates the man must be part of an orderly system. To be well educated you need to know about the world. For Socrates aims to discover what is believed ignored. It is in dialogue, the art of delivering the spirits. (The moieutique). one learns through dialogue that we learn more about themselves. The sign of knowledge is the ability to transmit what we know.
Plato while men do not have the same capacity for learning (intellectual knowledge knowledge manual) Women are able to lead the city. For him education is to help the person move out of his habits. For him to learn he must unlearn. This is the idea to look elsewhere for where we used to watch.
Humanism XVI (the renaissance) critical period of teaching the Middle Ages. Will challenge the grip on the education of the church. Against an idea of power, expanding connaisannce by learning to read and scriptures and is a return to knowledge developed by the greek who had been abandoned in the Middle Ages. With a new vision that will advance even more: The positivity of progress. The man has the capacity to reason. Period of division among Christians (Protestant and Catholic) the idea of Protestant origin is that everyone is able to read the text.
One of the first has denounce corporal punishment. Based on reason and love. That interest is the first to invoke the concept of learning fun.
Rabelais for his knowledge is encyclopaedic knowledge. is the idea that the more you know the more one is an appetite to learn. As an extension of Erasmus we find out in joy.
According to Montaigne, Education is learning to build character as a person understand his feelings and emotions he goes privileged moral instruction. Special spirit of initiative and personal judgments. Observation travel experience the relationship with other dialogue meeting links.
XVII century. we put forward even more reason against superstition and even belief. Criticism of the social order and it challenges the religious hierarchy in particular and its influence on politics. The reason against obscurantism. He put forward humanity. The essence of man is freedom. reason and freedom: VERY IMPORTANT at the time highlighting of the individual. Freedom also means that we not be determined and also the fact that one can control his natural impulses. the purpose of humanity is happiness, knowledge, and what they call themselves a moral perception. Everyone must be educated to consider a gift we start a mass education a popular education. Objective to fight against tyranny.
These ideas will be found in the revolution. with this idea that men are born free and equal. freedom because we must learn to reason with the child’s reasoning.
We must respect the ideas and views of others be they social or religious policies.
Equality was fighting against privileges. it highlights the search for innovation. So the rejection of the right monarchy Divaina. We educate people in the awareness of its social and political situations.