What is the dictatorship of the proletariat in Marx? Definition
Karl Marx’s philosophy is a philosophy of history. In other words, Marx believed that human history is governed by forces that drive history. According to Marx, this force is the class struggle.
Marx tells the story of humanity in terms of class struggle:
– In ancient times, the production model was slavery.
– In the Middle Ages, serfdom (serf / Lord relationship) was the dominant model.
– In the industrial era, serfdom was replaced by the wages, the boss / employee relationship.
In all cases, societies are structured by a dominant-dominated relationship (owning class / proletarian class).
But Marx’s philosophical project is to free the dominated classes, to free them from subjection. To do this, Marx says the future society, classless and fair. This construction of a free society must go through stages, the dictatorship of the proletariat is a major step.
Steps of the classes struggle
– Awareness of class membership and of the historical role of the proletariat
– Revolution and dictatorship of the proletariat, in order to thwart attempts against revolution. This dictatorship must take the form of a revolutionary democracy
– Socialism (pooling of all properties)
– Communism (classless society)
To summarize, here is the definition of Marx in the Critique of Ghota program:
“Between capitalist and communist society lies the period of revolutionary transformation of the former into the latter. It is a political transition period in which the state can not be anything else but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat “