Religion is the opium of the people – Marx

The quote “Religion is the opium of the people” is one of the most famous phrases of Karl Marx, also became the moto against religion and Christianity in general.

The Religion according to Marx

Religion according to Marx has several dimensions:

– Religion is a bourgeois concept

– Religion is a form of alienation

– Religion is a screen

Indeed, the promise made to the proletarians of a better world in the afterlife differs revolt, here below. It is an illusion to benefit the ruling classes, an idea that reinforces their power. Religion also says to the soul to worry about his soul, when man, according to Marx, must first be concerned with its material conditions of existence. Religion says that the world was created by God, it is natural and can not be changed. However, the historical role of the proletariat is to transform the world, to release him from injustice.

Religion and Socialism

This shows how religion is incompatible with the Marxist theory of the liberation of the people.

With this sentence, Marx is in fact the whole of idealism, which he tried to oppose his materialism:

“Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of social conditions in which the spirit is excluded. It is the opium of the people.

The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the requirement that makes their real happiness. Require that give up their illusions about their condition is required to give up a condition that requires illusions. The criticism of religion is therefore in embryo the criticism of that vale of tears of which religion is the halo. ”

Cite this article as: Tim, "Religion is the opium of the people – Marx, May 5, 2012, " in Philosophy & Philosophers, May 5, 2012,

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